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Milton Model History

Sometime after Richard Bandler and John Grinder completed the Meta Model (remembering that the map is not the territory), they came to the conclusion that, in order to find the solutions to people's problems,you would keep asking specific questions that will lead to the root of the problem. Around this time they got to know a famous philosopher, Gregory Bateson, who mentioned to Bandler and Grinder that a certain Dr Milton Erickson told stories to his clients, and their problems disappeared!

Bandler and Grinder, being very curious, decided to spend some time with Dr Milton Erickson to find out how he was getting these results. From this came "Patterns of the Hypnotic Techniques Volume 1", followed by "Volume 2" shortly after. During the time that Bandler and Grinder spent with Dr Milton Erickson the Milton Model was born, which gave balance to the Meta Model. Milton Model language patterns will "chunk up" the clients conscious mind and lead them into a hypnotic state/trance.

Milton Model

Below are fourteen language patterns.If you were to combine them together in the form of a story,you will induce a trance state.

1.Mind Reading:

Claiming to know the thoughts or feelings of another without specifying the process by which you came to know the information.

" I know that you are wondering.. "

2.Lost Performative:

Value judgements where the performer of the value judgement is left out.

" And it`s a good thing to wonder... "

3.Cause & Effect:

Where it is implied that one thing causes another.

Implied Causatives include:

a. C+E makes...

b. If... then...

c. As you... then you...

Because . . .

4.Complex Equivalence:

Where two things are equated as in their meanings being equivalent.

" I can tell by the way you are looking at me and standing in that way, means that you don't like me. "(looking and standing means)


The linguistic equivalent of assumptions.

" You are learning many things..."

6.Universal Quantifiers:

A set of words which have the following characteristics:

a. Universal generalisation

b. No referential index.

" all the things..."

c. Modal Operators:

Words which imply possibility or necessity and which form our rules in life.

"That you can learn... " Possibility.

"You must learn..." Necessity.

d. Nominalizations:

Process words which have been frozen in time by making them into nouns.

" Provide you with new things, and new understandings."

9.Unspecified Verbs

An unspecified verb deletes exactly how an event happened.

" As you're doing what you're doing,"

10.Tag Question

Question added after a statement, designed to displace resistance.

" Can you not? "

11.Lack of Referential Index

A phrase which does not pick out a specific portion of the listener`s experience.

" One can, you know... "

12.Comparative Deletions

(Unspecified Comparison)

Where the comparison is made and it is not specified as to what or who made it.

" And it`s more or less the right thing."

13.Pacing Current Experience

Where client`s experience (verifiable, external) is described in a way that is undeniable.

" You are sitting here, listening to my voice, looking at me," (etc)

14.Double Binds

Wherein the illusion of choice is offered using an `or`. However usually both choices are desired or not.

"And that means that your unconscious mind is also here, hear... listening (phonological ambiguity) to what I say, so with that in mind or your unconscious mind really won't mind and keeps in mind...all of your you look through this website."

Cliff Partridge
HNLP Trainer
NLP Master Practitioner